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COP28: Key issues

The Conference of Parties (COP) is a crucial international event where world leaders come together to discuss the challenges of climate change and negotiate measures to tackle this global problem. The next COP28 will take place from November 30 to December 12, 2023 in Dubai (United Arab Emirates). As this is fast approaching, it is essential to understand the major issues that will be addressed during this decisive event for our collective future. Here are the main challenges that will be at the heart of discussions at COP28.



STRENGTHENING OF EMISSIONS REDUCTION COMMITMENTS


One of the main challenges of COP28 will be to strengthen commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by participating countries. The 2015 Paris Agreement established a global framework to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. However, current commitments are not sufficient to achieve this goal. It is imperative that countries step up their efforts and commit to more ambitious emission reductions to limit the catastrophic consequences of climate change.


ADAPTATION TO THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


COP28 will also focus on adaptation to the effects of climate change. The impacts of this global phenomenon are already being felt in many regions, with droughts, floods, more intense storms and prolonged heat waves. It is crucial to develop effective adaptation strategies to protect vulnerable populations, infrastructure, agriculture and ecosystems in the face of these growing challenges.


MOBILIZATION OF CLIMATE FINANCE


The issue of climate finance will be a central issue at COP28. Developing countries need adequate financial resources to implement mitigation and adaptation measures. Additionally, innovative and sustainable financial mechanisms need to be explored to ensure a fair transition to a low-carbon economy.


PROMOTING INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION


COP28 will be a crucial opportunity to promote international cooperation and strengthen ties between countries in the fight against climate change. The challenges we face require a global and collective response. It is important that countries work together, share knowledge, best practices and technologies to accelerate the transition to a green and resilient economy.


INTEGRATION OF CIME ACTION IN ALL SECTORS


COP28 will focus on mainstreaming climate action into all sectors of the economy. Transitions to sustainable transport, renewable energy, sustainable agriculture and efficient resource management are essential to reducing emissions and promoting sustainable development. Leaders will need to discuss concrete policies and measures to integrate climate action into national and sectoral policies.



The upcoming COP28 represents a crucial opportunity to act decisively in the face of climate change. Reinforcing emission reduction commitments, promoting adaptation, mobilizing climate finance, strengthening international cooperation and integrating climate action into all sectors are all essential issues to be addressed during this conference. The world needs collective and ambitious action to preserve our planet and ensure a sustainable future.

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